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Anisotropic adaptivity for the finite element solutions of three-dimensional convection-dominated problems

By M. Walkley, P.K. Jimack and M. Berzins

Abstract

Convection-dominated problems are typified by the presence of strongly directional features such as shock waves or boundary layers. Resolution of numerical solutions using an isotropic mesh can lead to unnecessary refinement in directions parallel to such features. This is particularly important in three dimensions where the grid size increases rapidly during conventional isotropic refinement procedures.\ud \ud In this work, we investigate the use of adaptive finite element methods using anisotropic mesh refinement strategies for convection-dominated problems. The strategies considered here aim to resolve directional features without excessive resolution in other directions, and hence achieve accurate solutions more efficiently. Two such strategies are described here: the first based on minimization of the least-squares residual; the second based on minimizing a finite element error estimate. These are incorporated into an hr-adaptive finite element method and tested on a simple model problem

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Year: 2002
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.whiterose.ac.uk:1733

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