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Effect of lateral displacement of a high-altitude platform on cellular interference and handover

By J Thornton and D Grace

Abstract

A method for predicting movements in cellular coverage caused by lateral drift of a high-altitude platform (a quasi-stationary platform in the stratosphere) is developed. Cells are produced by spot beams generated by horn-type antennas on the platform. It is shown how the carrier-to-interference ratio (CIR) across these cells varies when the antenna payload is steered to accommodate the lateral movement of the platform. The geometry of the antenna beam footprint on the ground is first developed and then applied to a system of many cochannel beams. Pointing strategies are examined, where the pointing angle is calculated to keep, for example, a center cell or an edge cell in the same nominal position before and after the platform drift, and the CIR distribution is calculated. It is shown that the optimum pointing angle depends on the desired level of CIR across the service area, typically lying between 3 +/- 0.75 degrees for a platform drift of 2'km and corresponding to a cell in the middle ring. It is shown that it is necessary for a significant proportion of users to perform a handover to maintain a given CIR after platform drift. The analysis reveals that there is an optimum pointing angle that minimizes the probability of handover for a particular value of drift and CIR

Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.1109/TWC.2005.850282
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.whiterose.ac.uk:1829

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