Piezoelectric co-axial filaments produced by co-extrusion of poly(vinylidene fluoride) and electrically conductive inner and outer layers


Article first published online: 3 APR 2014 : DOI 10.1002/app.40710.The development of new thermoplastic polymer-based piezoelectric sensors with filament geometry is described. These filaments are appropriate for integration into textiles and provide new possibilities in the design and development of low cost flexible sensors produced at high rates. The developed three-layered piezoelectric monofilaments have been produced by co-extrusion using poly(vinylidene fluoride) and two different polypropylene-based electrically conductive polymers. Filaments with about 800 µm diameter, producing electrical signals proportional to the mechanical deformation applied, were obtained. The signal output has been found adequate for straightforward use with conventional piezoelectric signal conditioning systems. One of the conductive polymers tested allowed better filament geometry and process stability. This paper describes the co-extrusion production process and the results obtained in the electromechanical tests performed.This work was supported by FEDER through the COMPETE Program and by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) by project PTDC/CTM/108801/2008 | FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-009480 and in the framework of the Strategic Project PEst-C/FIS/UI607/20112011, PEst-C/CTM/LA0025/2013 (Strategic Project - LA 25 - 2013-2014) and PEst-C/CTM/UI0264/2011. Authors also thank the project Matepro –Optimizing Materials and Processes”, ref. NORTE-07-0124-FEDER-000037”, co-funded by the “Programa Operacional Regional do Norte” (ON.2 – O Novo Norte), under the “Quadro de Referência Estratégico Nacional” (QREN), through the “Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento Regional” (FEDER

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Universidade do Minho: RepositoriUM

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This paper was published in Universidade do Minho: RepositoriUM.

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