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Magnetic domain evolution in permalloy mesoscopic dots

By A. Hirohata, H.T. Leung, Y.B. Xu, C.C. Yao, W.Y. Lee, J.A.C. Bland and S.N. Holmes

Abstract

Permalloy (Ni80Fe20) squares (30 nm thick and w mu m wide; 1 less than or equal to w less than or equal to 200 mu m) and circular disks (30 nm thick and r mu m diameter; 1 less than or equal to r less than or equal to 200 mu m) prepared on a GaAs (100) substrate were observed in both their demagnetized and remanent states by magnetic force microscopy (MFM) associated with non-contact atomic force microscopy (NC-AFM). The squares (2 less than or equal to w mu m) exhibited conventional closure domains and the corner plays a very important role in creating new walls. The circular disks, on the other hand, formed either vortex domain (5 less than or equal to r less than or equal to 20 mu m) or multi-domain (50 less than or equal to r mu m) states, The magnetization rotation is observed by MFM to change according to the size and shape of the elements, The MFM observations are supported by micromagnetic calculations which confirm the effect of the corner on the domain wall formation

Year: 1999
DOI identifier: 10.1109/20.800697
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.whiterose.ac.uk:1853

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