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Indentor-escape, delamination and orogenic collapse of the ca. 600-500 Ma East African/Antarctic Orogen in Mozambique and Dronning Maud Land (East Antarctica)

By Joachim Jacobs, Kosuke Ueda, Robert J. Thomas, Ika Kleinhanns, Bernhard Bingen and Ane Engvik


The East African/Antarctic Orogen (EAAO) is one of the largest orogenic belts on the planet, resulting from\ud the collision of various parts of East and West- Protogondwana between ca. 600 and 550 Ma. The central and\ud southern parts of the orogen are typified by high-grade rocks, representing the overprinted margins of the various\ud colliding continental blocks. New fieldwork and geochronology in northern Mozambique reveals a protracted\ud polyphase Ediacaran/Cambrian deformation history. New age constraints reveal high-grade metamorphism at 600-\ud 550 Ma, overprinting and older basement. The EAAO is dissected by the Lurio Belt. South of this lineament, the\ud orogen is characterized by large volumes of high-T A2-type granitoids, dated between 530-490 Ma. Granitoid\ud emplacement is associated with polyphase extensional deformation within this hot, rheologically weak southern\ud part of the orogen. The granitoids that include charnockites have mantle signatures and most probably resulted from\ud delamination of a thickened root. We interpret the Lurio Belt as an accommodation zone between two thermomechanical\ud very different parts of the orogen, separating an area to the south in which the orogen underwent\ud delamination of the orogenic root, and an area to the north, where the orogenic keel is possibly still present

Topics: Earth Sciences
Year: 2011
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