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Post-biopsy arteriovenous fistulas of the native kidneys diagnosed by Doppler US

By Derchi L.E., Martinoli C., Pontremoli R., Saffioti S. and Pastorino C.

Abstract

Two patients with arteriovenous fistulas of the native kidney occurring after needle biopsy were evaluated using duplex and color Doppler ultrasonography. The first patient had a fistula with associated pseudoaneurysm: color Doppler showed the lesion as a small rounded area with whirling flow; spectral analysis allowed recognition of both the afferent artery with low impedance flow and the draining vein with pulsatile, arterialized flow. The second patient had a normal color Doppler study; however, spectral analysis demonstrated signals with low vascular impedance from an intra-parenchymal artery at the lower pole, and a jet of turbulent flow. Following disappearance of clinical findings, such Doppler abnormalities were no longer detectable. When a iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula is considered on clinical grounds, both color and Doppler spectral analysis of waveforms from intra-parenchymal vessels should be performed. Possibly, further advances in color Doppler technology will permit the use of this examination as the first imaging procedure in these clinical situations

Publisher: 'Springer Science and Business Media LLC'
Year: 1993
DOI identifier: 10.1007/BF00169798
OAI identifier: oai:iris.unige.it:11567/383993
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