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Characterization of the binding of the RNA-binding protein AUF1 to the human AT1 receptor mRNA.

By PENDE A., GIACCH M., CASTIGLIOLA L., CONTINI L., PASSERONE G., PATRONE M., PORT J.D. and LOTTI G.

Abstract

An important mechanism of regulation of the expression of the AT(1) receptors is the modulation of the mRNA stability. AUF1, a human RNA-binding protein, may play an important role. Since AUF1 seems to bind to AU-rich regions of the 3'-untranslated region of the mRNAs, we verified the nucleotide sequence of human AT(1) receptor 3'-untranslated region and we found possible binding sites. In addition we evaluated the expression of the AUF1 protein in human vascular smooth muscle cells: the administration of both isoproterenol and angiotensin II induced a significant increase of total anti-AUF1 immunoreactive isoforms. At the same time angiotensin II induced a significant decrease in the AT(1) receptor mRNA abundance. Moreover, we found that recombinant human AUF1 protein binds to human AT(1) receptor riboprobes. The protein was able to bind to the distal portion of the 3'-untranslated region, and also to the coding region. Since the clinically relevant AT(1) receptor polymorphism is located in the 3'-untranslated region, we created two DNAs, corresponding to the A and C polymorphism, without any differences. Our data demonstrate the presence of AUF1 in human vascular smooth muscle cells and its modulation by activation of the beta-adrenergic and the AT(1) pathways, a and specific binding of AUF1 to the human AT(1) receptor mRNA, suggesting a role of this protein in the modulation of the AT(1) receptor expression

Topics: Humans, Base Sequence, mRNA, Angiotensin II
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 1999
DOI identifier: 10.1006/bbrc.1999.1862
OAI identifier: oai:iris.unige.it:11567/246353
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