The paper presents an improved signal injection- based sensorless control method for permanent magnet brushless AC (BLAC) motors, accounting for the influence of cross-coupling magnetic saturation between the d- and q-axes. The d- and q-axis incremental self-inductances, the incremental mutual-inductance between the (d-axis and q-axis, and the cross-coupling factor are determined by finite element analysis. A method is also proposed for measuring the cross-coupling factor which can be used directly in the sensorless control scheme. Both measurements and predictions show that a significant improvement in the accuracy of the rotor position estimation can be achieved under both dynamic and steady-state operation, compared with that which is obtained with the conventional signal injection method
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