The relationship between CAP and WTO rules is one of the most delicate and lively issues both of the EC- and of the international trade law, as the continuous controversy, displayed in the multilateral context of WTO, confirm. The “globalization of economies” puts different agricultural systems and policies in touch with each other every day, causing significant effects also from a juridical point of view, since national policies, multilateral decisions and negotiations on reform are mutually affected.At the European level, the main problems of regional equilibrium are felt with regard to the differences between the northern and the southern part of Europe. And even more they’re felt with regard to the new member States’ agriculture, where low incomes and other structural difficulties could boost the negative effects of the market access measures imposed by the Uruguay Round trade agreements, making the new EC countries more sensitive to the changes in the world markets, and causing some complaints by them, especially about the distribution mechanisms of the resources of the first and of the second CAP pillars. Whereas, from a global perspective, the international community seem to face the problems of regional equilibrium, which sometimes are caused by the trade liberalisation itself, mainly by negotiating regional trade agreements and free trade agreements, in that way creating areas of free trade and economic integration, often based on the EC experience as a model
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