To clarify the relationship of the sound fields between the pit and the stage, we conducted acoustical measurements\ud in a typical historical opera house, the “Teatro Comunale” in Ferrara, Italy. Based on the theory of subjective\ud preference in the sound field, orthogonal factors and other related factors were analysed. First, the sound\ud fields for a singer on the stage in relation to the musicians in the pit were analysed. Second, the sound fields for\ud performers in the orchestra pit in relation to the singers on the stage were considered. Finally, the sound fields\ud for the conductor in the orchestra pit in relation to the musicians in the orchestra pit and the singers on the stage\ud were investigated. Because physical factors vary depending on the location of the sound source, performers can\ud move on the stage or in the pit to find the preferred sound field. Also the conductor can rearrange musicians for\ud the performance. Our results provide valuable information for designing the stage and orchestra pit inside opera\ud house
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