The authors describe their experience concerning the surgical treatment of aneurysmatic pathology of the popliteal artery. This is the most frequent site for after aortic aneurysm. Since 1979 to 1994, 26 patients, 21 men and 5 women (mean age 65.8 years), have been treated at the Institute of Clinical Surgery of the University of Ferrara for a total of 37 popliteal aneurysms. Twentynine substitutions, 7 bypasses and 1 ligation were performed. Twelve of the 29 substitutions were made by reversed saphenous vein. Fourteen by PTFEe, and 3 by dacron. In 4 cases it was necessary to reimplant either the anterior tibial artery (3 cases) or the posterior tibial artery (1 case) separately. The results obtained were good especially in the post-trauma patients. Only 3 amputations were necessary due to graft obstruction immediately after surgery, and in post-traumatic conditions
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