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Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation of Charged Submicrometer Particles in Aqueous Media



Thermal field-flow fractionation (ThFFF) of various types of submicrometer silica particles in aqueous media is experimentally investigated under an extended range of medium ionic strengths with and without the presence of surfactant. The experiments were designed to examine the applicability to submicrometer particles of the theory of charged nanoparticles thermodiffusion recently proposed by Parola and Piazza (Parola, A.; Piazza, R. Eur. Phys. J. E. 2004, 15, 255-263). In particular, the expression for the calibration function in terms of particle radius and channel temperature is derived and experimentally verified. Moreover, retention is expected to be dependent on particle surface potential and charge, and on ionic strength. These dependences are experimentally investigated and the pertinent relationships and correlations derived. The effect of heavy metal adsorption on the silica surface was investigated, and significant ThFFF retention changes were measured. Independent measurements of the zeta potential (-potential) indicated that a decrease in the surface charge of a silica particle is a consequence of heavy metal adsorption, which is, in turn, correlated to the observed decrease in ThFFF retention

Topics: Thermal Field Flow Fractionation, Thermodiffusion, Zeta-potential, Surface potential, Silica particles
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1021/ac070099t
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