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Chemical evolution, petrogenesis, and regional chemical correlation of the flood basalt sequence

By MELLUSO L, BARBIERI M and BECCALUVA L

Abstract

The lava sequence of the central-western Deccan Traps (from Jalgaon towards Mumbai) is formed by basalts and basaltic andesites having a significant variation in TiO2 (from 1.2 to 3.3 wt%), Zr (from 84 to 253 ppm), Nb (from 5 to 16 ppm) and Ba (from 63 to 407 ppm), at MgO ranging from 10 to 4.2 wt%. Most of these basalts follow a liquid line of descent dominated by low pressure fractionation of clinopyroxene, plagioclase and olivine, starting from the most mafic compositions, in a temperature range from 1220degrees to 1125degreesC. These rocks resemble those belonging to the lower-most formations of the Deccan Traps in the Western Ghats (Jawhar, Igatpuri and Thakurvadi) as well as those of the Poladpur formation. Samples analyzed for Sr-87/Sr-86 give a range of initial ratios from 0.70558 to 0.70621. A group of flows of the Dhule area has low TiO2 (1.2-1.5 wt%) and Zr (84-105 ppm) at moderate MgO (5.2-6.2 wt%), matching the composition of low-Ti basalts of Gujarat, low-Ti dykes of the Tapti swarm and Toranmal basalts, just north of the study area. This allows chemical correlations between the lavas of central Deccan, the Tapti dykes and the northwestern outcrops. The mildly enriched high field strength element contents of the samples with TiO2 > 1.5 wt% make them products of mantle sources broadly similar to those which generated the Ambenali basalts, but their high La/Nb and Ba/Nb, negative Nb anomalies in the mantle normalized diagrams, and relatively high Sr-87/Sr-86, make evident a crustal input with crustally derived materials at less differentiated stages than those represented in this sample set, or even within the sub-Indian lithospheric mantle

Publisher: Indian Academy of Sciences:CV Raman Avenue PO Box 8005, Bangalore 560080 India:011 91 80 3342546, EMAIL: office@ias.ernet.in, INTERNET: http://www.ias.ernet.in, Fax: 011 91 80 3346094
Year: 2004
OAI identifier: oai:iris.unife.it:11392/470001
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