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Leadership preferences of mentally tough athletes

By Lee Crust and Kayvon Azadi

Abstract

This study examined the leadership preferences of mentally tough athletes. A sample of\ud 103 athletes (M age = 22.06 years, SD = 4.37) participated and ranged from club /\ud university level to county standard in a variety of team sports. Participants completed the\ud Leadership Scale for Sport – Preference Version (Chelladurai & Saleh, 1978) to measure\ud preferred leadership, and the MTQ48 (Clough et al., 2002) to measure mental toughness.\ud Mental toughness was predicted to be significantly and positively related to a preference\ud for training and instructive behaviours, and negatively related to a preference for social\ud support. Linear regression analysis and Pearson correlations were used to analyse the\ud data. Consistent with theoretical predictions, mental toughness was found to be\ud significantly related to a preference for training and instructive behaviours (r = 0.40, P <\ud .01). Results of linear regression analysis revealed the MTQ48 subscales of commitment\ud and challenge were significant predictors of preference for training and instructive\ud behaviours. Total mental toughness was not found to be significantly related to\ud preference for social support, democratic behaviours, autocratic behaviours or positive\ud feedback (P > .05). This suggests that coaches working with mentally tough athletes\ud should consider emphasising training and instructive behaviours if they wish to attain\ud congruence between actual and preferred leadership behaviours. Greater research into the\ud influence of personality upon athlete leadership preferences is encouraged

Topics: C600 Sports Science
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.paid.2009.03.022
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.lincoln.ac.uk:2477

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