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Metabolomic analysis of urine with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss: A preliminary study.

By Filippo Carta, Milena Lussu, Fabrizio Bandino, Antonio Noto, Marcello Peppi, Natalia Chuchueva, Atzori Luigi, Vassilios Fanos and Roberto Puxeddu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss is a frequent emergency, with unknown aetiology and usually treated with empiric therapy. Steroids represent the only validated treatment but prognosis is unpredictable and the possibility to select the patients who will not respond to steroids could avoid unnecessary treatments. Metabolomic profiling of the biofluids target the analysis of the final product of genic expression and enzymatic activity, defining the biochemical phenotype of a whole biologic system. METHODS: We studied the metabolomics of the urine of a cohort of patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss, correlating the metabolic profiles with the clinical outcomes. Metabolomic profiling of urine samples was performed by 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy in combination with multivariate statistical approaches. RESULTS: 26 patients were included in the study: 5 healthy controls, 13 patients who did not recover after treatment at 6 months while the remaining 8 patients recovered from the hearing loss. The orthogonal partial least square-discriminant analysis score plot showed a significant separation between the two groups, responders and non-responders after steroid therapy, R2Y of 0.83, Q2 of 0.38 and p value <0.05. The resulting metabolic profiles were characterized by higher levels of urinary B-Alanine, 3-hydroxybutyrate and Trimethylamine N-oxide, and lower levels of Citrate and Creatinine in patients with worst outcome. CONCLUSION: Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss is a specific disease with unclear systemic changes, but our data suggest that there are different types of this disorder or patients predisposed to effective action of steroids allowing the recover after treatment

Topics: Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss, Metabolomics
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.anl.2016.10.003
OAI identifier: oai:iris.unica.it:11584/188868
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