Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Thermal and burial history modelling in the Midlothian-Leven syncline in the Midland Valley of Scotland using BasinMod and HotPot

By C.J. Vincent, W.J. Rowley and A.A. Monaghan


Basin subsidence and thermal history models of the eastern part of the Midland Valley of Scotland have been constructed to characterize the development of the Midlothian-Leven synclinal basin from the mid Mississippian to the present day. Two modelling programs were used: BasinMod and HotPot. BasinMod models are based on thermal maturity at borehole sites; HotPot models operate on stacks of 2D layer grids using a mechanical compaction method. The thermal and burial history modelling indicates up to 1.9 km of additional burial of Carboniferous strata compared to present day levels: up to 660 m deposited by the end of the Carboniferous period, subsequently removed by Variscan uplift and erosion, followed by up to 1.9 km of burial by sedimentary rocks deposited during the Permian to the Palaeogene periods. Temperatures greater than 130 °C were reached by the most deeply buried Carboniferous sedimentary rocks. Mississippian (Lower Carboniferous) rocks reached the oil generation window during the mid Carboniferous, with Pennsylvanian (Upper Carboniferous) rocks reaching the oil generation window during the Cretaceous. Sedimentation rates were of 0.03–0.63 m ka−1 (metres per thousand years) with changes in the rate and the positions of depocentres consistent with both extensional and strike-slip basin formation. \ud \u

Topics: Earth Sciences
Publisher: Geological Society of London
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1144/0036-9276
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1999). A lithostratigraphical framework for the Carboniferous rocks of the Midland Valley of Scotland. British Geological Survey Research Report,
  2. (1987). Arran Special Sheet 1:50, 000 scale. Solid Geology.
  3. (1990). Basin analysis: principles and applications. Blackwell Science,
  4. (1993). Basin thermal modelling using HotPot version 3.0. British Geological Survey
  5. (1985). British Regional Geology: The Midland Valley of Scotland (third edition). HMSO for British Geological Survey, doi
  6. (2004). Carboniferous and Permian magmatism in Scotland. In
  7. (2004). Climate averages: station, district and regional averages for the periods 1961–1990 and 1971–2000. World Wide Web Address
  8. (1985). Clyde. Sheet 55ºN-06ºW. 1:250,000 series. Solid Geology.
  9. (1985). Compaction curves. doi
  10. (1980). Continental stretching: an explanation of the post-mid-Cretaceous subsidence of the Central North Sea Basin.
  11. (2008). Controls on structural styles, basin development and petroleum prospectivity in the Midland Valley of Scotland. doi
  12. (1988). Development of organic maturation in the thermal aureoles of sills and its relation to sediment compaction.
  13. (2006). Editorial statement: new official names for the subsystems, series and stages of the Carboniferous System – some guidance for contributors to the Proceedings.
  14. (1990). Geological Atlas of Western and Central Europe. doi
  15. (2002). Geological history and structure of Scotland.
  16. (1996). Inversion tectonics of the Variscan foreland of the British Isles. doi
  17. (2003). Late Devonian–Carboniferous tectonic evolution within the Firth of Forth, Midland Valley; as revealed from 2D seismic reflection data.
  18. (1977). Late Palaeozoic strike-slip faulting in southern Europe and northern Africa: result of right-lateral shear between the Appalachians and the Urals. doi
  19. (1985). Oil exploration and production in Scotland.
  20. (1986). Petrochemistry of Dinantian volcanism in northern
  21. (1999). Principles of sedimentary basin analysis. Third edition.
  22. (1994). Quantification of Tertiary erosion in the inner Moray Firth using sonic velocity data from the Chalk and the Kimmeridge Clay. Marine and Petroleum Geology,
  23. (2005). Reappraisal of the Mississippian palynostratigraphy of the East Fife coast, Scotland, United Kingdom.
  24. (1975). Rotliegendes stratigraphy and diagenesis.
  25. (1999). Sheet 40E Kirkcaldy solid edition.
  26. (1978). Some remarks on the development of sedimentary basins.
  27. (1999). Structure and evolution of the basin. In
  28. (2000). Suppression and retardation of vitrinite reflectance, part 1. Formation and significance for hydrocarbon generation. doi
  29. (2003). Tectonic Evolution – Late Cretaceous. In: The Millennium Atlas: Petroleum Geology of the Central and Northern North Sea,.
  30. (1993). The effect of late Caledonian and Variscan continental escape tectonics on basement structure, Palaeozoic basin kinematics and subsequent Mesozoic basin development in NW Europe.
  31. (1996). The Geology of Scotland. The Geological Society London.
  32. (1983). The Larne No. 2 borehole: discovery of a new Permian volcanic centre.
  33. (1995). The Siluro-Devonian evolution of the southern Midland Valley of Scotland: doi
  34. (1976). Thickness of removed sedimentary rocks, palaeopore pressure and palaeotemperature, southwestern part of western Canada Basin.
  35. (2004). Timing, geodynamic setting and character of Permo-Carboniferous magmatism in the foreland of the Variscan Orogen, NW Europe. In doi
  36. (1994). United Kingdom Offshore Regional Report: the geology of the central North Sea. HMSO for the British Geological Survey,
  37. (2002). United Kingdom.
  38. (1982). Upper Palaeozoic basins of the British Isles – Caledonide Inheritance versus Hercynian Plate Margin Processes.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.