Closing the productivity gap with other nations has become a mantra of\ud public policy in the UK since the late 1990s. Promoting participation in\ud learning and training is seen as the principal means of narrowing the gap.\ud While tracking episodes of training is relatively easy, it is not clear what is\ud learnt, by whom and why. This paper examines these questions among a\ud specific occupational group – exercise to music instructors – whose\ud numbers have grown significantly in recent years. It identifies two\ud productive systems through which these exercise classes are delivered.\ud Each has different consequences for learning. Under one regime, training\ud expands horizons and develops abilities, while under the second\ud instructors are taught to conform and follow scripts written by others. The\ud paper argues that ‘training’ can lead to different learning outcomes and\ud that these are best understood through an analysis of the productive\ud process which puts training and learning in context
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