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Prokineticin receptor 1 antagonist PC-10 as a biomarker for imaging inflammatory pain

By JACOBSON O, WEISS ID, NIU G, BALBONI G, CONGIU C, ONNIS V, KIESEWETTER DO, LATTANZI R, SALVADORI S and CHEN X.

Abstract

Prokineticin receptor 1 (PKR1) and its ligand Bv8 were shown to be expressed in inflammation-induced pain and by tumor-supporting fibroblasts. Blocking this receptor might prove useful for reducing pain and for cancer therapy. However, there is no method to quantify the levels of these receptors in vivo. METHODS: A nonpeptidic PKR1 antagonist, N-{2-[5-(4-fluoro-benzyl)-1-(4-methoxy-benzyl)-4,6-dioxo-1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-[1,3,5]triazin-2-ylamino]-ethyl}-guanidine, which contains a free guanidine group, was labeled with (18)F by reacting the guanidine function with N-succinimidyl-4-(18)F-fluorobenzoate to give the guanidinyl amide N-(4-(18)F-fluoro-benzoyl)-N'-{2-[5-(4-fluoro-benzyl)-1-(4-methoxy-benzyl)-4,6-dioxo-1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-[1,3,5]triazin-2-ylamino]-ethyl}-guanidine ((18)F-PC-10). Inflammation was induced in C57BL/6 mice by subcutaneous injection of complete Freund adjuvant in the paw. The mice were imaged with (18)F-PC-10, (18)F-FDG, and (64)Cu-pyruvaldehyde bis(4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone) ((64)Cu-PTSM) at 24 h after complete Freund adjuvant injection using a small-animal PET device. RESULTS: (18)F-PC-10 was synthesized with a radiochemical yield of 16% ± 3% (decay-corrected). (18)F-PC-10 accumulated specifically in the inflamed paw 4- to 5-fold more than in the control paw. Compared with (18)F-PC-10, (18)F-FDG and (64)Cu-PTSM displayed higher accumulation in the inflamed paw but also had higher accumulation in the control paw, demonstrating a reduced signal-to-background ratio. (18)F-PC-10 also accumulated in PKR1-expressing organs, such as the salivary gland and gastrointestinal tract. CONCLUSION: (18)F-PC-10 can be used to image PKR1, a biomarker of the inflammation process. However, the high uptake of (18)F-PC-10 in the gastrointestinal tract, due to specific uptake and the metabolic processing of this highly lipophilic molecule, would restrict its utility

Publisher: 'Society of Nuclear Medicine'
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.2967/jnumed.110.084772
OAI identifier: oai:iris.unica.it:11584/103848

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