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A H2 PEM fuel cell and high energy dense battery hybrid energy source for an urban electric vehicle

By N Schofield, H T Yap and C M Bingham


Electric vehicles are set to play a prominent role in addressing the energy and environmental impact of an increasing road transport population by offering a more energy efficient and less polluting drive-train alternative to conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles. Given the energy (and hence range) and performance limitations of electro-chemical battery storage systems, hybrid systems combining energy and power dense storage technologies have been proposed for vehicle applications. The paper discusses the application of a hydrogen fuel cell as a range extender for an urban electric vehicle for which the primary energy source is provided by a high energy dense battery. A review of fuel cell systems and automotive drive-train application issues are discussed, together with an overview of the battery technology. The prototype fuel cell and battery component simulation models are presented and their performance as a combined energy/power source assessed for typical urban and sub-urban driving scenario

Topics: H610 Electronic Engineering
Publisher: Institution of Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.1109/IEMDC.2005.195963
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.lincoln.ac.uk:2581

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