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Psychological therapies for people with borderline personality\ud disorder (Review)

By Claire Binks, Mark Fenton, Lucy McCarthy, Tracey Lee, Clive E. Adams and Conor Duggan

Abstract

Background\ud Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a relatively common personality disorder with a major impact on health services as those\ud affected often present in crisis, often self-harming.\ud Objectives\ud To evaluate the effects of psychological interventions for people with borderline personality disorder.\ud Search strategy\ud We conducted a systematic search of 26 specialist and general bibliographic databases (December 2002) and searched relevant reference\ud lists for further trials.\ud Selection criteria\ud All relevant clinical randomised controlled trials involving psychological treatments for peoplewith BPD.The definition of psychological\ud treatments included behavioural, cognitive-behavioural, psychodynamic and psychoanalytic.\ud Data collection and analysis\ud We independently selected, quality assessed and data extracted studies. For binary outcomes we calculated a standard estimation of\ud the risk ratio (RR), its 95% confidence interval (CI), and where possible the number need to help/harm (NNT/H). For continuous\ud outcomes, endpoint data were preferred to change data. Non-skewed data from valid scales were summated using a weighted mean\ud difference (WMD).\ud Main results\ud We identified seven studies involving 262 people, and five separate comparisons. Comparing dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) with\ud treatment as usual studies found no difference for the outcome of still meeting SCID-II criteria for the diagnosis of BPD by six months\ud (n=28, 1 RCT, RR 0.69 CI 0.35 to 1.38) or admission to hospital in previous three months (n=28, 1 RCT, RR 0.77 CI 0.28 to 2.14)

Topics: BF, H1
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Year: 2006
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.hud.ac.uk:8909

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  2. (2009). 63Psychological therapies for people with borderline personality disorder (Review) Copyright ©
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  6. (2009). Significant linear effect (F=19.4, df=1,33,p<0.001). Significantly different throughout follow-up period (p<0.001) 71Psychological therapies for people with borderline personality disorder (Review) Copyright ©
  7. The first version of this review is being published at Issue 1, 2006, whilst new authors are preparing an update to incorporate new data, which should be published shortly.

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