Any new road, road improvement or traffic management\ud scheme could affect pedestrian journeys in its locality or\ud elsewhere. Some journeys may be affected directly, with\ud severance caused where the new road or road improvement cuts\ud across a pedestrian route, others may be affected indirectly with\ud a new road causing changes in traffic levels elsewhere. To\ud enable effects on pedestrians to be given proper weight when\ud decisions are taken, techniques are required that forecast the\ud effects of the scheme on the number and quality of pedestrian\ud journeys. This is particularly true in urban areas, since\ud effects on pedestrians may be one of the main benefits or\ud disbenefits of measures to relieve urban traffic.\ud \ud (Continues..)\u
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