Location of Repository

The role of the orthodox grounded theory methodology in establishing universal behavioural patterns in comparative cross-national research

By Foster Fei and Glenn Hardaker


This position paper discusses the role of the orthodox grounded theory methodology (Glaser & Strauss, 1967; Glaser, 1978) in establishing universal behavioural patterns in comparative cross-national research. Having identified two main methodological issues in this field – i.e. a lack of “any real comparison” (Pierce & Pride, 1972, p. 13), an absence of a unifying, multi-/cross-level of analysis and a disregard of the interaction between levels of analysis – it is argued that the orthodox grounded theory methodology could help address these two methodological issues in comparative cross-national research by establishing universal behavioural patterns. Substantive and methodological justifications are also provided to substantiate the role that an orthodox grounded theory methodology plays in the establishment of universal behavioural patterns, contributing to methodological development and implementation of best practice in this field. The academic, societal, economic and policy impact and value of methodological development to the social sciences concerning its contributions to comparative cross-national research are also explained

Topics: H1
Publisher: The University of Huddersfield
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.hud.ac.uk:9001

Suggested articles



  1. (1992). Basics of Grounded Theory Analysis: Emergence vs. Forcing,
  2. (1990). Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory. doi
  3. (1991). Comparative field studies: methodological issues and future possibilities, doi
  4. (1990). Comparing countries: lessons learned, In: Oyen,
  5. (2002). Conceptualisation: on theory and theorising using grounded theory,
  6. (2002). Constructivist Grounded Theory? Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum:
  7. (1983). Cross-cultural research in psychology, doi
  8. (1966). Cross-national comparisons using aggregate data: some substantive and methodological problems, In:
  9. (1972). Cross-national micro-analysis: procedures and problems, In: doi
  10. (1979). Cross-national studies as seen from the vantage point of cross-cultural studies: problems and pitfalls, In: Berting,
  11. (1996). Cultural Psychology: A Once and Future Disciple.
  12. (2003). Designing a grounded theory study: some practicalities, doi
  13. (1998). Doing Grounded Theory: Issues and Discussions,
  14. (2008). Doing Quantitative Grounded Theory. Mill
  15. (2000). Grounded theory: objectivist and constructivist methods. doi
  16. (1987). Introduction – description, generalisation and comparison: two paradigms, In: Holy,
  17. (1979). Issues in cross-cultural psychology, In: doi
  18. (1985). Issues of level in organisational research: multi-level and cross-level perspectives, doi
  19. (1994). Levels issues in theory development, data collection, and analysis, doi
  20. (1996). Method and management of cross-national social research. In: Hantrais, doi
  21. (1973). Methodological problems and possibilities in comparative research,
  22. (2008). Methods and measurements in cross-cultural management. In: doi
  23. (1969). On the scope and methods of cross-cultural research, In: Price-Williams, doi
  24. (2006). Paul F. Lazarsfeld’s scholarly journey. In: de
  25. (2008). Social structures and processes in cross-cultural management. In: doi
  26. (1983). Some methodological considerations. In: doi
  27. (1954). The cross-cultural method, In: doi
  28. (1967). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research, doi
  29. (2001). The Grounded Theory Perspective: Conceptualisation Contrasted with Description,
  30. (1990). The imperfection of comparisons, In: Oyen, doi
  31. (1977). The strategy of cross-national survey research for the development of social theory, In: doi
  32. (1995). The strategy of grounded theory: possibilities and problems,
  33. (1966). The theoretical basis of data programs, In:
  34. (1978). Theoretical Sensitivity: Advances in the Methodology of Grounded Theory,
  35. (1999). Understanding Organisations. 4th ed.
  36. (2004). Watching the English: The Hidden Rules of English Behaviour. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.