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Numerical simulation of flow in a high head Francis turbine with prediction of efficiency, rotor stator interaction and vortex structures in the draft tube

By D. Jošt, A. Škerlavaj, M. Morgut, P. Mežnar and E. Nobile

Abstract

The paper presents numerical simulations of flow in a model of a high head Francis turbine and comparison of results to the measurements. Numerical simulations were done by two CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) codes, Ansys CFX and OpenFOAM. Steady-state simulations were performed by k-epsilon and SST model, while for transient simulations the SAS SST ZLES model was used. With proper grid refinement in distributor and runner and with taking into account losses in labyrinth seals very accurate prediction of torque on the shaft, head and efficiency was obtained. Calculated axial and circumferential velocity components on two planes in the draft tube matched well with experimental results

Topics: CFD, Francis, turbulence
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.1088/1742-6596
OAI identifier: oai:arts.units.it:11368/2870610

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