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Unbound (Free) Bilirubin (Bf): Improving the Paradigm for evaluating neonatal jaundice

By Ce Ahlfors, Rp Wennberg, Jd Ostrow and C. Tiribelli

Abstract

BACKGROUND:\ud \ud The serum or plasma total bilirubin concentration (B(T)) has long been the standard clinical laboratory test for evaluating neonatal jaundice, despite studies showing that B(T) correlates poorly with acute bilirubin encephalopathy (ABE) and its sequelae including death, classical kernicterus, or bilirubin-induced neurological dysfunction (BIND). The poor correlation between B(T) and ABE is commonly attributed to the confounding effects of comorbidities such as hemolytic diseases, prematurity, asphyxia, or infection. Mounting evidence suggests, however, that B(T) inherently performs poorly because it is the plasma non-protein-bound (unbound or free) bilirubin concentration (B(f)), rather than B(T), that is more closely associated with central nervous system bilirubin concentrations and therefore ABE and its sequelae.\ud CONTENT:\ud \ud This article reviews (a) the complex relationship between serum or plasma bilirubin measurements and ABE, (b) the history underlying the limited use of B(f) in the clinical setting, (c) the peroxidase method for measuring B(f) and technical and other issues involved in adapting the measurement to routine clinical use, (d) clinical experience using B(f) in the management of newborn jaundice, and (e) the value of B(f) measurements in research investigating bilirubin pathochemistry.\ud SUMMARY:\ud \ud Increasing evidence from clinical studies, clinical experience, and basic research investigating bilirubin neurotoxicity supports efforts to incorporate B(f) expeditiously into the routine evaluation of newborn jaundice

Topics: Humans\ud Infant, Newborn\ud Jaundice, Neonatal/blood*
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1373/clinchem.2008.121269
OAI identifier: oai:arts.units.it:11368/2854605
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