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Qualitative study on community and primary health care involvement on alcohol and tobacco actions in seven European countries

By Marko Kolšek, Pierluigi Struzzo and Igor Švab

Abstract

Alcohol and tobacco use are important determinants of illness and have important country-specific dimensions. It's important to also consider them at community and primary health care (PHC) levels. A collaborative qualitative research (Delphi study and focus groups methodology) was conducted during the process of 10 new countries joining the European Union (EU) and implemented in culturally socio-economically different European countries: four EU (Belgium, Brussels region; Hungary, Pest County; Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia region; Latvia, Riga region; Slovenia, Ljubljana region) and two Eastern European countries (Bulgaria, Sofia region; Russia, St. Petersburg region). Countries were chosen from the WHO international project according to the criteria noted in the application for EU INCO-COPERNICUS funding. Focus groups were conducted among lay people and PHC professionals in order to identify factors that influence (facilitate and prevent or minimize) PHC management of alcohol- and tobacco use-related problems. A Delphi study was conducted among four different groups in order to develop tasks for instances to be involved in community health policies. There are some limitations of such a qualitative study; e.g., such studies give ideas that cannot simply be transformed to actions in every country. In order to manage tobacco-and alcohol-related problems a comprehensive community-based approach, that also include PHC teams and policymakers, would be supported in participating countries

Topics: Alcohol, Community action, Health promotion, Participatory research, Primary health care, Qualitative research, Tobacco, Alcoholism, Catchment Area (Health), Community Health Services, Delphi Technique, Europe, Humans, Primary Health Care, Smoking Cessation, Tobacco Use Disorder, Psychiatry and Mental Health, Medicine (miscellaneous), Psychology (all)
Year: 2008
DOI identifier: 10.1080/10826080701202759
OAI identifier: oai:arts.units.it:11368/2837848
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