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Water speciation and Sr isotopic exchange during water-melt interaction: a combined NMR-TIMS study on the Cretaio tephra (Ischia Island, South Italy)

By F.F. SLEJKO, R. PETRINI, G. ORSI, M. PIOCHI and C. FORTE

Abstract

In order to improve the microscopic understanding of the water^magma interaction process during explosive volcanism,volcanic glasses representative of deposits with sedimentological characteristics suggesting different water/ melt ratios were studied by a combination of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and TIMS methods. The glasses were separated from pumices of two surge layers and one fallout bed of the Cretaio Tephra (Ischia Island,Italy), which is the product of an explosive eruption that occurred at Ischia in the second century BC. The 29Si CP^MAS NMR experiments indicate the occurrence of 1H^29Si dipolar couplings in glasses from the phreatomagmatic activity, suggesting the presence of hydrogen atoms in proximity of silicon atoms. This feature is not detected in the glass from the deposit of the magmatic explosion. 1H MAS NMR spectra reveal different peaks attributed to different hydrous species characterized by different motional properties. These include ‘rigid’ H2O group

Topics: Ischia, Cretaio Tephra, water-melt interaction, NMR
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1016/S0377-0273(03)00404-9
OAI identifier: oai:arts.units.it:11368/1699391
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