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Numerical model to determine the composition of H2O–NaCl–CaCl2 fluid inclusions based on microthermometric and microanalytical data

By M. Steele-MacInnis, R.J. Bodnar and J. Naden


Natural fluids approximated by the H2O–NaCl–CaCl2 system are common in a wide range of geologic environments, including sedimentary basins associated with hydrocarbon occurrences and MVT deposits, submarine hydrothermal systems, and other metamorphic, magmatic and hydrothermal environments. We present a comprehensive numerical model and Microsoft® Excel©-based computer program to determine the compositions of fluid inclusions in the H2O–NaCl–CaCl2 system based on microthermometric and microanalytical data. The model consists of six polynomial correlation equations that describe liquid salinity as a function of NaCl/CaCl2 ratio and melting temperature on each of the ice, hydrohalite, halite, antarcticite, CaCl2·4H2O and CaCl2·2H2O vapor-saturated liquidus surfaces. The cotectic and peritectic boundaries are determined from the intersections of the liquidus surfaces. The model is implicitly internally consistent and topologically correct.\ud \ud The model expands upon the compositional range of applicability and the data types that can be used for compositional determination. It reproduces experimental data for all compositions that lie within the H2O–NaCl–CaCl2·4H2O compositional triangle in the H2O–NaCl–CaCl2 system and yields accurate reproductions of the H2O–NaCl and H2O–CaCl2 binaries. Furthermore, in comparison to previously published models, the one presented here eliminates systematic errors, wavy isotherms and cotectic and peritectic curves with local “bumps.”\ud \u

Topics: Earth Sciences, Chemistry
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.gca.2010.10.002
OAI identifier:

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