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A New Method of Measuring Velocity Profiles using a MultiElectrode Electromagnetic Flow Meter

By Gary Lucas and Teerachai Leeungculsatien

Abstract

This paper describes a model of a novel design of electromagnetic flow meter for velocity profile measurement in single phase and multiphase flows with nonuniform axial velocity profiles. A simulated Helmholtz coil is used to produce a uniform magnetic field orthogonal to both the flow direction and the plane of an electrode array embedded on the internal surface of a nonconducting pipe wall. Induced voltages acquired from the electrode array are related to the flow velocity distribution via variables known as ‘weight values’ which are calculated using COMSOL Multiphysics software. Matrix inversion is used to calculate the velocity distribution in the flow cross section from the induced voltages measured at the electrode array. This paper presents simulations including, firstly the effects of the velocity profile on the electrical potential distribution, secondly the induced voltage distribution at the electrode pair locations, and thirdly the reconstructed velocity profile calculated using the weight values and the matrix inversion method mentioned above. The flow pipe crosssection is divided into a number of pixels and the mean flow velocity in each of the pixels is calculated from the measured induced voltages. Reference velocity profiles that have been investigated include a uniform velocity profile and a linear velocity profile. The results show good agreement between the reconstructed and reference velocity profiles. The results presented in this paper are most relevant to flows in which variations in the axial flow velocity occur principally in a single direction

Topics: T1, TJ
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.hud.ac.uk:9091

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Citations

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