Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

A low-cost ultrasonic 3D measurement device for calibration of Cartesian and non-Cartesian machines

By Fouad Juma Aldawi

Abstract

The major obstacles to the widespread adoption of 3D measurement systems are accuracy, speed of process and the cost. At present, high accuracy for measuring 3D position has been achieved, and there have been real advances in reducing measurement time, but the cost of such systems remains high.\ud A high-accuracy and high-resolution ultrasonic distance measurement system has been achieved in this project by creating multi-frequency continuous wave frequency modulation (MFCWFM) system. The low-cost system measures dynamic distance (displacements of an ultrasound transmitter) and fixed distance (distances between receivers). The instantaneous distance between the transmitter and each receiver can be precisely determined.\ud New geometric algorithms for transmitter 3D position and receiver positing have also been developed in the current research to improve the measurement system‟s practicability. These algorithms allow the ultrasound receivers to be arbitrarily placed and located by self-calibration following a simple procedure.\ud After the development and testing of the new 3D measurement system, further studies have also been carried out on the system, considering the two major external disturbances: air temperature drifting and ultrasound echo interference. Novel methods have been successfully developed and tested to minimize measurement errors and evaluation of speed of sound.\ud All the enabling research described in the thesis means that it is now possible to build and implement a measurement system at reasonable cost for industrial exploitation. This will have the necessary performance to provide ultrasonic 3D position measurements in real time for monitoring position

Topics: T1, TA
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.hud.ac.uk:9106

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2001). 3D position sensing using the differences in the time-offlightsfrom a wave source to various receivers,” doi
  2. (2003). 3D ultrasonic tagging system for observing human activity,” Intelligent Robots and Systems, doi
  3. (2002). A genetic algorithm-based approach to calculate the optimal configuration of ultrasonic sensors in a 3D position estimation system,” doi
  4. (2009). A high accuracy ultrasonic system for measurement of air temperature,”
  5. (2006). A High-Accuracy Passive 3D Measurement System using Phase- Based ,” doi
  6. (1995). A high-speed and continuous 3D measurement system,” doi
  7. (2003). A highly accurate ultrasonic measurement system for tremor using binary amplitude shift keying and phase shift method,” doi
  8. (1994). A laser tracking system to measure position and orientation of robot end effectors under motion ,” doi
  9. (2008). A low-cost ultrasonic 3D measurement device for calibration for Cartesian and non-Cartesian
  10. (2009). A low-cost ultrasonic 3D measurement device for calibration for Cartesian and non-Cartesian machines,
  11. (2008). A multifrequency FM-Based ultrasonic system for accurate
  12. (1994). A portable instrument for 3-D dynamic robot measurements usingtriangulation and laser tracking,” doi
  13. (1995). A position estimation system for mobile robots using a monocular image of a 3-D landmark,” doi
  14. (1987). A versatile camera calibration technique for high-accuracy 3D machine vision metrology using off-the-shelf TV cameras and lenses,” Robotics and Automation, doi
  15. (1998). Accurate 3D measurement using a structured light system,” doi
  16. (1999). An automatic self-installation and calibration method for a 3D position sensing system using ultrasonics,” doi
  17. (1976). Analysis of an ultrasonic spatial locating system,” doi
  18. (1996). Arterial Doppler signal simulation by time domain processing,” doi
  19. (1999). Article Information End-effector position-orientation measurement, doi
  20. (1982). Assessment of the mechanical performance of industry robot,” General method staff, automobile citroen,
  21. (1994). Calibration on a Shoestring,” Industrial Robot, doi
  22. (2002). Capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers: next-generation arrays for acoustic imaging?,” Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, doi
  23. (1988). Co-ordinate determination and performance analysis for robot manipulators,” doi
  24. (2000). Comparison of immersion ultrasound biometry and partial coherence interferometry for intraocular lens calculation according to Haigis,” Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, doi
  25. (1979). Design of Low-Loss Wide-Band Ultrasonic Transducers for Noninvasive Medical Application,” Sonics and Ultrasonics, doi
  26. (1991). Digital signal processing techniques for high accuracy ultrasonic range measurements,” doi
  27. (1995). Distance and volume measurement using three-dimensional ultrasonography,”
  28. (1982). Engineering mathematics, coventry: Lanchester polytechnic,
  29. (1988). Environmental effects on the speed of sound,”
  30. (2002). Estimating the 3D-position from time delay data of US-waves: experimental analysis and a new processing algorithm,” doi
  31. (1996). Estimation of blood velocities using ultrasound , doi
  32. (1996). Estimation of Blood Velocities Using Ultrasound, doi
  33. (1994). Eye in hand robot calibration,” doi
  34. (1986). Further engineering mathematics, Coventry: Lanchester polytechnic, doi
  35. (1996). High-Resolution beam forming for ultrasonic arrays,” doi
  36. (2009). Improved 3D position measurement using ultrasonic sensors,” Submitted for Journal of the International Measurement Confederation,
  37. (1997). Intelligent seam tracking using ultrasonic sensors for robotic welding,” doi
  38. (2004). Material - Characterization - And - Nde - Using -Focused - Slanted - Transmission - Mode - Of - Air-Coupled - Ultrasound - Pb - doi
  39. (1991). Measurement of mechanical properties of bone material in vitro by ultrasound reflection: Methodology and comparison with ultrasound transmission,” doi
  40. (1995). Modeling Gimbal Axis Misalignments and Mirror Center Offset in a Single-Beam Laser Tracking Measurement System,” doi
  41. (1986). Monolithic phased array for the transmission of ultrasound in doi
  42. (1998). Multiple-frequency continuous wave ultrasonic system for accurate distance measurement,” doi
  43. (2005). New implementation of high-precision and instantresponse air thermometer by ultrasonic sensors,” doi
  44. (1998). On the calibration of a 6-D laser tracking system for dynamic robot measurements,” doi
  45. (1997). Optical three-dimensional measurements by radially symmetric structured light projection,” doi
  46. (1994). Optotrac-cat's eyes and lasers,” doi
  47. (2005). Precise Localisation of Archaeological Findings with a new Ultrasonic 3D Positioning Sensor,” Sensors doi
  48. (2001). Robot calibration using a 3D vision-based measurement system with a single camera,” doi
  49. (1991). Robot performance measurement and calibration using a 3D computer vision system,” doi
  50. (1999). Speech and audio signal processing , doi
  51. (1996). Static calibration of industrial manipulators : Design of an optical instrumentation and application to doi
  52. (1996). The analysis of ultrasonic machining systems using wholefield interferometric techniques ,”
  53. (1997). Three-dimensional spatial compounding of ultrasound images,” doi
  54. (1996). Three-dimensional ultrasound: accuracy of distance and volume measurements,” doi
  55. (1983). Ultrasonic signal processing for attenuation measurement: doi
  56. (1984). Ultrasonic transducers for nondestructive testing , doi
  57. (1980). Ultrasonics (Wykeham Science Series No. 55) 1980, by
  58. (2007). Ultrasound Imaging: Waves, Signals, doi
  59. (2003). Volumetric phase-measuring interferometer for threedimensional coordinate metrology,” doi
  60. (1998). Vortex shedding flowmeters and ultrasound detection: signal processing and influence of bluff body geometry,” Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.