This paper considers the design of interpolative sigma delta modulators (SDMs). The design problem is formulated as two different optimization problems. The first optimization problem is to determine the denominator coefficients. The objective of the optimization problem is to minimize the energy of the error function in the passband of the loop filter in which the error function reflects the noise output transfer function and the ripple of the input output transfer function. The constraint of the optimization problem refers to the specification of the error function defined in the frequency domain. The second optimization problem is to determine the numerator coefficients in which the cost function is to minimize the stopband ripple energy of the loop filter subject to the stability condition of the noise output and input output transfer functions. These two optimization problems are actually quadratic semi-infinite programming (SIP) problems. By employing our recently proposed dual parameterization method for solving the problems, global optimal solutions that satisfy the corresponding continuous constraint are guaranteed if the solutions exist. The advantages of this formulation are the guarantee of the stability of the noise output and input output transfer functions, applicability to design rational IIR filters without imposing specific filter structures such as Laguerre filter and Butterworth filter structures, and the avoidance of the iterative design of numerator and the denominator coefficients because the convergence of the iterative design is not guaranteed. Our simulation results show that this proposed design yields a significant improvement in the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) compared to the existing designs
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