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What do parents know about antibiotics? A multicenter Italian survey on antibiotics knowledge

By F Bert, Mr Gualano, R Gili, G Scaioli, If Angelillo, S Brusaferro, E De Vito, G La Torre, L Manzoli, F Vitale, W Ricciardi and R Siliquini


Background: Antibiotic resistance, mainly related to a misuse of antibiotics (ATB), causes at least 50,000 deaths each year in Europe and USA. Since ATB are prescribed more frequently to paediatric patients, the present study aims to evaluate knowledge and attitudes about ATB among parents of children aged between 0\u201314 years. Methods: In June 2014, a survey among parents of children aged between 0\u201314 years was conducted in seven Italian cities. A structured questionnaire was administered in the waiting rooms of outpatient departments in order to investigate knowledge and attitudes about ATB consumption. An overall score was calculated on the basis of correct and incorrect answers. Data were analysed through frequencies, percentages and logistic regressions. Results: Overall, 1,244 parents were interviewed (70% females). Around 33% of the sample stated that ATB are appropriate for viral infections, and 21% believed that ATB are useful for any kind of pain and inflammation. To have at least one relative working in health field seems to be statistically significant associated with a better level of knowledge (p < 0.05). Moreover, 26% declared to buy ATB for their children without any medical prescription and 55% stated they usually start administering ATB to their children without a proper medical examination. Results of the logistic regressions showed that parents older than 40 years (OR 1.60; 95% CI = 1.24-2.07) have a higher likelihood to totalize poor scores about knowledge on ATB role, while females (OR 0.68; 95% CI = 0.52-0.90) and people with degree (OR 0.39; 95% CI = 0.29-0.52) seem more prone to give correct answers. Conclusions: The present work showed how parents of children aged 0\u201314 years have poor knowledge and bad attitudes regarding ATB. Given the high consumption of ATB by paediatric patients, and the role of antibiotic resistance on European burden of disease, it would be important to make aware paediatricians and patients on the risks related to this issue

Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.1093/eurpub/ckv170.062
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