As part of the project for the Transport and Road Research\ud Laboratory concerned with the development of design guidance for\ud pedestrian areas and footways to satisfy the needs of disabled\ud and elderly people, a thorough examination of the literature was\ud required. In addition the literature search was to be\ud complemented by a wide-ranging series of discussions with local\ud authorities, organisations representing the interests of elderly\ud and disabled people, and other interested agencies. This Working\ud Paper sets out the findings of this exercise.\ud \ud \ud The objective of the literature review and the consultations was\ud to identify the key impediments for elderly and disabled people\ud when using pedestrian areas and footways. The current guidelines\ud and standards relating to footways, pedestrianised areas and\ud access to buildings were to be identified and their adequacy\ud commented upon, as were the conflicts such recommendations raise\ud between various groups of disabled people and with able-bodied\ud people. The consultations were intended to provide greater\ud insights into what the literature highlighted, and to suggest\ud possible solutions.\ud \ud \ud The literature review produced over 400 key references and a list\ud of 35 impediments. A more detailed examination of the literature\ud and the consultations reduced this list to six key impediments\ud namely: parking; public transport waiting areas; movement\ud distances; surface conditions; ramps, and information provision.\ud \ud \ud The type and scale of problem created by the above impediments\ud for various groups of disabled and elderly people are discussed,\ud together with their measurement and assessment. The type and\ud adequacy of existing design standards and guidance relating to\ud these impediments are also outlined
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