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The effects of high power diode laser radiation on the\ud wettability, adhesion and bonding characteristics of an\ud alumina/silica-based oxide and vitreous enamel

By Jonathan Lawrence, Lin Li and Julian Spencer


An amalgamated alumina/silica-based oxide compound (AOC) was surface treated using a 60 W high\ud power diode laser (HPDL). The effects of HPDL radiation on the wettability and adhesion\ud characteristics of the AOC and a vitreous enamel have been determined. The basic process\ud phenomena are investigated and the effects of laser irradiation in terms of composition and\ud microstructure are presented. Without laser treatment of the AOC surface it was not possible to fire\ud the enamel onto the AOC. However, wetting experiments using a number of control liquids, by the\ud sessile drop technique, revealed that laser treatment of the AOC surface resulted in the polar\ud component of the surface energy increasing after laser treatment from 2.00 mJm-2 to 16.15 mJm-2.\ud Additionally, surface roughness measurements revealed that after laser treatment, the surface\ud roughness had decreased from an Ra value of 25.85μm to 6.27μm, whilst an energy disperse X-ray\ud analysis (EDX) revealed that the relative surface oxygen content of the AOC had increased by\ud 36.29% after laser treatment. Thus, laser treatment was identified as effecting a decrease in the\ud enamel contact angle from 1180 to 330; consequently allowing the vitreous enamel to wet the surface.\ud The bonding mechanisms were identified as being principally due to van der Waals forces, however,\ud some evidence of chemical bonding was observed. The work has shown clearly that laser radiation\ud can be used to alter the wetting characteristics of the AOC

Topics: H680 Optoelectronic Engineering, H700 Production and Manufacturing Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 1999
DOI identifier: 10.1016/S0257-8972(99)00251-0
OAI identifier:

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