Radiometric and Spectral Characteristics of the ScaRaB-3 Instrument on Megha-Tropiques: Comparisons with ERBE, CERES, and GERB


International audienceThe Indian-French Megha-Tropiques mission, scheduled to be launched in 2010, will carry radiation and microwave sensors to study the energy and water cycle in the tropics. The radiation sensor, the third model of the Scanner for Radiation Budget (ScaRaB-3), is dedicated to the earth's radiation budget, the difference between the solar absorbed flux and the terrestrial emitted flux. These fluxes are calculated from satellite measurements of outgoing shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) radiances using angular distribution models (ADMs). For practical reasons, the LW radiation is calculated from the difference between a total (T) channel (0.2-100 mu m) and an SW channel (0.2-4 mu m). With the ADM application, the radiance calibration remains the most critical issue in the radiation budget estimation. The 1% accuracy goal is difficult to achieve, specifically in the SW domain. The authors explain their efforts to improve the radiometric calibration of ScaRaB-3. The internal calibration module is improved: the sensor is switched between SW and T channels by rotating the filter wheel on which the SW filter is now installed. Because the pyroelectric detector is sensitive to the thermal effect of the electromagnetic radiation independently of its spectral range, this plan allows calibrating the SW channel as a T channel by viewing a blackbody. Indeed, the transfer of the T calibration to the SW domain requires perfect knowledge of the total spectral response and of the transmittance of the SW filter, which is discussed in the article. Spectral errors are calculated with updated data. In the SW domain, they are found to be the smallest compared to those of the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE), the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES), and the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB)

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oai:HAL:hal-01142305v1Last time updated on 11/12/2016

This paper was published in HAL-Polytechnique.

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