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Does Competition Induce Hiring Equity ?

By Clémence Berson

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URL des Documents de travail : http://centredeconomiesorbonne.univ-paris1.fr/bandeau-haut/documents-de-travail/Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 2012.19 - ISSN : 1955-611XThis paper tests the impact of competition on the hiring process in the French retail sector. Following the Becker's theory, higher the competition, lower is discrimination. Using local Herfindhal-Hirschman indexes, a correspondence study ensures to observe how competition affects discrimination. A strong employment gap is observable between French natives and second generation immigrants. Concerning gender, women are favored as cashiers. The impact of competition depends on the target population : competition reinforces preference for women, whereas discrimination due to origin is follows the Becker's theory. However, increasing competition to fight against discrimination is not a solution, as it will enhance bad condition of women in the labor market and an increase of awareness of human resources department to equality of treatment is more efficient.Une large littérature s'accorde sur un effet de la concurrence sur le marché des biens sur la discrimination. Mais l'ensemble de ces études se focalisent sur les salaires et les postes, sans s'intéresser à l'embauche. Cet article teste l'impact de la concurrence sur le processus d'embauche et ses conséquences sur les écarts d'emploi. Deux types de discrimination sont étudiés : le genre et l'origine. Le secteur choisi est celui de la grande distribution. En utilisant des niveaux locaux de concurrence, un testing permet d'observer comment la concurrence affecte la discrimination. Les résultats montrent que la concurrence peut accentuer la discrimination statique dans le cas du genre. De plus, elle n'est pas forcément un bon outil pour lutter contre la discrimination, le cas de l'origine montrant un impact plus fort de la centralisation du recrutement et de la sensibilisation des recruteurs

Topics: Discrimination, hiring, competition, embauche, concurrence, JEL: J - Labor and Demographic Economics/J.J7 - Labor Discrimination/J.J7.J71 - Discrimination, JEL: C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods/C.C9 - Design of Experiments/C.C9.C93 - Field Experiments, [SHS.ECO]Humanities and Social Sciences/Economics and Finance
Publisher: HAL CCSD
Year: 2012
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:halshs-00718627v1
Provided by: HAL-Paris1
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