Transport through nanostructures: Finite time vs. finite size

Abstract

Rapid communicationInternational audienceNumerical simulations and experiments on nanostructures out of equilibrium usually exhibit strong finite size and finite measuring time tmt_m effects. We discuss how these affect the determination of the full counting statistics for a general quantum impurity problem. We find that, while there are many methods available to improve upon finite-size effects, any real-time simulation or experiment will still be subject to finite time effects: in short size matters, but time is limiting. We show that the leading correction to the cumulant generating function (CGF) at zero temperature for single-channel quantum impurity problems goes as ln‚Ā°tm\ln t_m and is universally related to the steady state CGF itself for non-interacting systems. We then give detailed numerical evidence for the case of the self-dual interacting resonant level model that this relation survives the addition of interactions. This allows the extrapolation of finite measuring time in our numerics to the long-time limit, to excellent agreement with Bethe-ansatz results

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oaioai:HAL:cea-01065721v1Last time updated on 11/12/2016

This paper was published in HAL-CEA.

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