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Sub-femtosecond synchronization of microwave oscillators with mode-locked Er-fiber lasers

By Kwangyun Jung and Jungwon Kim

Abstract

We synchronize a 8.06-GHz microwave signal from a voltage-controlled oscillator with an optical pulse train from a 77.5- MHz mode-locked Er-fiber laser using a fiber-based optical-microwave phase detector. The residual phase noise between the optical pulse train and the synchronized microwave signal is -133 dBc/Hz (-154 dBc/Hz) at 1 Hz (5 kHz) offset frequency, which results in 838 as integrated rms timing jitter [1 Hz - 1 MHz]. The long-term residual phase drift is 847 as (rms) measured over 2 hours, which reaches 4\times10^{-19} fractional frequency instability at 1800 s averaging time. This method has a potential to provide both sub-fs-level short-term phase noise and long-term phase stability in microwave extraction from mode-locked fiber lasers.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, Optics Letters (in press

Topics: Physics - Optics, Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors
Publisher: 'The Optical Society'
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1364/OL.37.002958
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1206.1176

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