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Mutation of the palmitoylation site of estrogen receptor alpha in vivo reveals tissue-specific roles for membrane versus nuclear actions

By M. Adlanmerini, R. Solinhac, A. Abot, A. Fabre, I. Raymond-Letron, A.L. Guihot, F. Boudou, L. Sautier, E. Vessieres, S.H. Kim, P. Liere, C. Fontaine, A. Krust, P. Chambon, J.A. Katzenellenbogen, P. Gourdy, P.W. Shaul, D. Henrion, J.F. Arnal and F. Lenfant

Abstract

Estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) activation functions AF-1 and AF-2 classically mediate gene transcription in response to estradiol (E2). A fraction of ERalpha is targeted to plasma membrane and elicits membrane-initiated steroid signaling (MISS), but the physiological roles of MISS in vivo are poorly understood. We therefore generated a mouse with a point mutation of the palmitoylation site of ERalpha (C451A-ERalpha) to obtain membrane-specific loss of function of ERalpha. The abrogation of membrane localization of ERalpha in vivo was confirmed in primary hepatocytes, and it resulted in female infertility with abnormal ovaries lacking corpora lutea and increase in luteinizing hormone levels. In contrast, E2 action in the uterus was preserved in C451A-ERalpha mice and endometrial epithelial proliferation was similar to wild type. However, E2 vascular actions such as rapid dilatation, acceleration of endothelial repair, and endothelial NO synthase phosphorylation were abrogated in C451A-ERalpha mice. A complementary mutant mouse lacking the transactivation function AF-2 of ERalpha (ERalpha-AF2(0)) provided selective loss of function of nuclear ERalpha actions. In ERalpha-AF2(0), the acceleration of endothelial repair in response to estrogen-dendrimer conjugate, which is a membrane-selective ER ligand, was unaltered, demonstrating integrity of MISS actions. In genome-wide analysis of uterine gene expression, the vast majority of E2-dependent gene regulation was abrogated in ERalpha-AF2(0), whereas in C451A-ERalpha it was nearly fully preserved, indicating that membrane-to-nuclear receptor cross-talk in vivo is modest in the uterus. Thus, this work genetically segregated membrane versus nuclear actions of a steroid hormone receptor and demonstrated their in vivo tissue-specific roles

Topics: Analysis of Variance, Animals, Blotting, Western, Cell Membrane/metabolism, Cell Movement, Cell Nucleus/metabolism, Computational Biology, Endothelial Cells, Estrogen Receptor alpha/genetics/metabolism, Female, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Immunohistochemistry, Lipoylation/genetics, Mice, Mice, Transgenic, Microarray Analysis, Ovary/metabolism/physiology, Point Mutation/genetics, Receptor Cross-Talk/physiology, Uterus/metabolism
Publisher: 'Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences'
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.1322057111
OAI identifier: oai:okina.univ-angers.fr:8339
Provided by: Okina

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