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Biomaterial porosity determined by fractal dimensions, succolarity and lacunarity on microcomputed tomographic images

By M. N\u27Diaye, C.N. Degeratu, J.M. Bouler and D. Chappard

Abstract

Porous structures are becoming more and more important in biology and material science because they help in reducing the density of the grafted material. For biomaterials, porosity also increases the accessibility of cells and vessels inside the grafted area. However, descriptors of porosity are scanty. We have used a series of biomaterials with different types of porosity (created by various porogens: fibers, beads …). Blocks were studied by microcomputed tomography for the measurement of 3D porosity. 2D sections were re-sliced to analyze the microarchitecture of the pores and were transferred to image analysis programs: star volumes, interconnectivity index, Minkowski-Bouligand and Kolmogorov fractal dimensions were determined. Lacunarity and succolarity, two recently described fractal dimensions, were also computed. These parameters provided a precise description of porosity and pores\u27 characteristics. Non-linear relationships were found between several descriptors e.g. succolarity and star volume of the material. A linear correlation was found between lacunarity and succolarity. These techniques appear suitable in the study of biomaterials usable as bone substitutes

Topics: Algorithms, Biocompatible Materials, Fractals, Imaging, Three-Dimensional, Porosity, X-Ray Microtomography
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.msec.2013.01.020
OAI identifier: oai:okina.univ-angers.fr:10362
Provided by: Okina

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