Lamartine biographe de gare

Abstract

My contribution focuses on the biographies of great men (including a few women) published by Lamartine in the early 1850s in his newspaper, Le Civilisateur, subtitled "A History of Mankind through Great Men". His biographies were afterwards reprinted as part of the Bibliothèque des chemins de fer, editor Louis Hachette's series. I demonstrate how Lamartine's biographical writing shared similar goals to the series, intended both as educational and entertaining and aimed at the lower classes of society. How Lamartine chose the characters whose lives he wrote and his narrative schemes shows that he felt responsible for passing on the memory of yesterday geniuses to his time largest audience. Figuring himself inside the memorial chain that connects past to present, Lamartine wanted to convey his progressive vision of history and human thinking.Mon étude porte sur les biographies de grands hommes (y compris quelques femmes) publiées par Lamartine au début des années 1850 dans sa revue Le Civilisateur, " histoire de l'humanité par les grands hommes ", puis reprises dans la Bibliothèque des chemins de fer de Louis Hachette. J'analyse les similitudes d'objectifs entre l'écriture biographique lamartinienne et la collection éducative et récréative à destination du peuple. Le choix des personnages biographiés et les schémas narratifs qu'il emprunte montrent que Lamartine se sent chargé de transmettre la mémoire des génies du passé au public populaire de son temps. En se situant, ainsi que son lecteur, dans la chaîne mémorielle qui relie hier à aujourd'hui, Lamartine cherche à transmettre sa conception progressiste de l'histoire et de la pensée humaines

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oai:HAL:halshs-00772754v1Last time updated on 11/11/2016

This paper was published in HAL-ENS-LYON.

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