In this paper we focus on England. The United Kingdom (UK) has four constituent countries (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland) but following devolution each has a degree of responsibility for its own laws. Education is one area where there is no single UK picture. The term ‘immigrant’ in England is now limited to those who have themselves literally immigrated into the country from another country. As will be discussed below, this reflects two issues: a) the long history of migration and hence presence of 2nd, 3rd, 4th and beyond descendents of true immigrants and b) the view that ‘immigrant’ is an inappropriate term in a socio-political sense to describe those born in England
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