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Constraints on the non-linear coupling parameter fnl with the Archeops data

By A. Curto, J.F. Macias-Perez, E. Martinez-Gonzalez, R. B. Barreiro, D. Santos, F. K. Hansen, M. Liguori and S. Matarrese

Abstract

11 pages, 7 figures, submitted to A&AWe present a Gaussianity analysis of the Archeops Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) temperature anisotropies data maps at high resolution to constrain the non-linear coupling parameter fnl characterising well motivated non-Gaussian CMB models. We used the data collected by the most sensitive Archeops bolometer at 143 GHz to perform this analysis. For this purpose, the instrumental noise was carefully characterised for this bolometer, and for another Archeops bolometer at 143 GHz used for comparison. Angular scales from 27 arcmin to 1.8 degrees and a large fraction of the sky, 21%, covering both hemispheres (avoiding pixels with Galactic latitude |b| < 15 degrees) were considered. The three Minkowski functionals on the sphere evaluated at different thresholds were used to construct a chi-squared statistics for both the Gaussian as well as for the non-Gaussian CMB models. The Archeops maps were produced with the Mirage optimal map-making procedure from processed time ordered data. The analysis is based on simulations of signal (Gaussian and non-Gaussian fnl CMB models) and noise which were processed in the time domain using the Archeops pipeline and projected on the sky using the Mirage optimal map-making procedure. The Archeops data were found to be compatible with Gaussianity after removal of highly noisy pixels at high resolution. The non-linear coupling parameter was constrained to -400 < fnl < 590 at 68% CL and -920 < fnl < 1075 at 95% CL, for realistic non-Gaussian CMB simulations

Topics: cosmology, data analysis, observations, cosmic microwave background, [PHYS.ASTR.CO]Physics [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]/Cosmology and Extra-Galactic Astrophysics [astro-ph.CO], [SDU.ASTR]Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]
Publisher: 'EDP Sciences'
Year: 2008
DOI identifier: 10.1051/0004-6361:200809880
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:in2p3-00270033v1
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