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Review of major policy developments and evidence base: crime domain

By Alex Hirschfield, Shane D. Johnson, Kate J. Bowers and Northern Crime Consortium (NCC)

Abstract

The evidence base review for the Crime Domain examined some of the leading theories\ud used to explain the manifestation of crime (i.e. what makes some neighbourhoods and\ud places more vulnerable to crime than others), presented information on levels of reported\ud and unreported crime and discussed current policy initiatives aimed at preventing and\ud reducing crime. Particular attention was paid to developments relevant to Area Based\ud Initiatives (ABIs).\ud The extent of the evidence base on ‘what works’ in crime prevention was then examined.\ud Variations in the quality and robustness of the evidence base was discussed and examples\ud of best practice were identified drawing upon the Home Office’s ‘Toolkits’ for crime\ud prevention and a comprehensive review of crime prevention evaluation studies carried\ud out for the US National Institute of Justice. The latter identified crime prevention\ud strategies that work, those that are promising and those that demonstrably do not work\ud (Sherman et al 1998).\ud Current and forthcoming evaluations of crime prevention initiatives that NDC\ud Partnerships might draw lessons from were identified and efforts to build a\ud comprehensive evidence base on effective crime prevention measures (the Campbell\ud Collaboration – www.campbell.gse.upenn.edu) were outlined.\ud Lessons were identified for the NDC evaluation teams in terms of known problems and\ud pitfalls in conducting crime prevention evaluations and in obtaining consistent crime\ud data. Lessons for partnerships were also defined, particularly, in relation to project\ud management, maximising the positive impacts of crime prevention interventions and\ud partnership working.\ud Where feasible and appropriate, the review also sought to identify the extent to which\ud local authority areas with NDC programmes had been successful in securing funds\ud through the Home Office’s Crime Reduction Programme. Particular attention was paid to\ud the Reducing Burglary Initiative, Targeted Policing and the CCTV programm

Topics: H1, HV
Publisher: Sheffield Hallam University
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.hud.ac.uk:9715

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