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Modelling the Choice of Car Parks in Urban Areas and Managing the Demand for Parking.

By N.C. Balijepalli, S.P. Shepherd and A.D. May


Car parks are an essential piece of infrastructure associated with the road networks, yet\ud commonly available traffic assignment models do not to explicitly integrate them into the\ud modelling process. This research attempts to integrate the choice of car parks in urban areas\ud into the travellers’ route choice and incorporates both the route and car park choice in a joint\ud modelling framework of traffic assignment based on equilibrium approach. This paper\ud illustrates the implementation of the model in a commonly used standard suite of traffic\ud assignment software. The proposed method considers multiple user classes - commuter and\ud non-commuter flows, and involves modelling the demand for short stay and long stay car\ud parks over multiple departure periods. A special search time delay function has been\ud developed to represent the disutility in searching for a place in a car park, which is integrated\ud further into the function of generalised cost of travel. This technique has been successfully\ud applied to study the choice of car parks in the case of a simple hypothetical network. Another\ud larger numerical example illustrates the case of managing the demand between two car parks\ud in Leeds, England

Year: 2008
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