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Density-functional theory of polar insulators

By R.W. Godby, X. Gonze and P. Ghosez


We examine the density-functional theory of macroscopic insulators, obtained in the large-cluster limit or under periodic boundary conditions. For polar crystals, we find that the two procedures are not equivalent. In a large-cluster case, the exact exchange-correlation potential acquires a homogeneous ``electric field'' which is absent from the usual local approximations, and the Kohn-Sham electronic system becomes metallic. With periodic boundary conditions, such a field is forbidden, and the polarization deduced from Kohn-Sham wavefunctions is incorrect even if the exact functional is used

Year: 1997
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