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Aerodynamic shape optimization of a low drag fairing for small livestock trailers

By C.A. Gilkeson, V.V. Toropov, H.M. Thompson, M.C.T. Wilson, N.A. Foxley and P.H. Gaskell

Abstract

Small livestock trailers are commonly used to transport animals from farms to market\ud within the United Kingdom. Due to the bluff nature of these vehicles there is great potential\ud for reducing drag with a simple add-on fairing. This paper explores the feasibility of\ud combining high-fidelity aerodynamic analysis, accurate metamodeling, and efficient\ud optimization techniques to find an optimum fairing geometry which reduces drag, without\ud significantly impairing internal ventilation. Airflow simulations were carried out using\ud Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to assess the performance of each fairing based on\ud three design variables. A Moving Least Squares (MLS) metamodel was built on a fifty-point\ud Optimal Latin Hypercube (OLH) Design of Experiments (DoE), where each point\ud represented a different geometry configuration. Traditional optimization techniques were\ud employed on the metamodel until an optimum geometrical configuration was found. This\ud optimum design was tested using CFD and it matched closely to the metamodel prediction.\ud Further, the drag reduction was measured at 14.4% on the trailer and 6.6% for the\ud combined truck and trailer

Publisher: AIAA
Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.whiterose.ac.uk:5226

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