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CFD modelling of transient pathogen release in indoor environments due to human activity

By E.A. Hathway, P.A. Sleigh and C.J. Noakes


Certain routine hospital activities have been identified as a potential source for the airborne dispersal of micro-organisms. With increasing use of CFD to model hospital situations a method of modelling this type of spread within a simple steady state model is required. Since this type of dispersal will vary with space and time a single point source would not provide adequate information to represent these sources. Instead a zonal bioaerosol source is\ud introduced to represent the time average of the varying release from the activity. In this paper, data from experiments conducted in a bioaerosol test chamber are compared to CFD results.\ud Numerical validation is also carried out comparing the zonal source to an equivalent transient source. The results indicate that the zonal source provides excellent comparison to the time averaged behaviour of a moving source, but greatly underestimates the maximum value at any\ud one location

Year: 2007
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