We demonstrate theoretically a scheme for cluster-state generation, based on atomic ensembles and the dipole-blockade mechanism. In the protocol, atomic ensembles serve as single-qubit systems. Therefore, we review single-qubit operations on qubit defined as collective states of atomic ensemble. Our entangling protocol requires nearly identical single-photon sources, one ultracold ensemble per physical qubit, and regular photodetectors. The general entangling procedure is presented, as well as a procedure that generates in a single step Q-qubit GHZ states with success probability p(success) similar to eta(Q/2), where eta is the combined detection and source efficiency. This is significantly more efficient than any known robust probabilistic entangling operation. GHZ states form the basic building block for universal cluster states, a resource for the one-way quantum computer
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.