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Dispersion relations and wave operators in self-similar quasicontinuous linear chains

By T.M. Michelitsch, G.A. Maugin, F.C.G.A. Nicolleau, A.F. Nowakowski and S. Derogar


We construct self-similar functions and linear operators to deduce a self-similar variant of the Laplacian operator and of the D'Alembertian wave operator. The exigence of self-similarity as a symmetry property requires the introduction of nonlocal particle-particle interactions. We derive a self-similar linear wave operator describing the dynamics of a quasicontinuous linear chain of infinite length with a spatially self-similar distribution of nonlocal interparticle springs. The self-similarity of the nonlocal harmonic particle-particle interactions results in a dispersion relation of the form of a Weierstrass-Mandelbrot function that exhibits self-similar and fractal features. We also derive a continuum approximation, which relates the self-similar Laplacian to fractional integrals, and yields in the low-frequency regime a power-law frequency-dependence of the oscillator density

Publisher: American Physical Society
Year: 2009
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