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Modelling the Incidence of Self-Employment: Individual and Employment Type Heterogeneity

By S. Brown, L. Farrell and M.N. Harris

Abstract

Modelling the incidence of self-employment has traditionally proved problematic. Whilst the individual supply side characteristics of the self-employed are well documented, we argue that the literature has largely neglected demand-side aspects. We explore the determinants of self-employment using individual level data drawn from the U.S. Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF). We present results from an econometric framework, the Parameterised Dogit model, that allows us to separately, and simultaneously, model individual heterogeneity (i.e. supply side) and employment type heterogeneity (i.e. demand-side) influences that determine self-employment. Our findings suggest that whilst individual characteristics are important determinants of self-employment, there are also factors which are specific to the type of employment that influence whether an individual is self-employed

Publisher: Department of Economics, University of Sheffield
Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.whiterose.ac.uk:9984

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